Mount Hombori is surrounded by 3 distinct villages Kelmi (400 inhabitants), Tunduru (900 inhabitants) and Hombori (4000 inhabitants) with a common history as their inhabitants come originally from the neighbour village of Ouari. Villagers mainly belong to the Muslim Songhaï ethnic group except Hombori that is also inhabited by Peuls and Tamacheks. Songhaï are sedentary cultivators (essentially Pennisetum) with ovine and caprine cattle while semi-nomadic Peuls and Tamacheks owe large bovine cattle. Hombori village is located along the tar road and drains every Tuesday villagers from Douenza (200 km South) to Gossi (200 km North) to the local market that is the main economical feature of the region.
Map of Hombori region , 1: Hombori village, 2: Tunduru village, 3: Kelmi village